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By signing up to a human rights treaty, the Government is required to regularly review, evaluate and improve how it implements and guarantees human rights domestically. 

This human rights duty is useful to all civil servants as it supports the ongoing work of departments in developing policy and legislation and helps identify best practices in service delivery.

Human rights monitoring helps departments and the NICS to assess and improve their performance and also serves as a way to receive feedback from service users and the wider population.

There are a number of mechanisms that can be utilised to gain a comprehensive evidence base, to measure how effective current laws, policies and practices are and to improve them. These include: