Criminal Justice

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  • Criminal justice handcuffs

    Depriving someone of liberty through arrest and detention must be done in a lawful way that is compatible with human rights law and their treatment once detained must also respect their dignity

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    Legal aid provision is an important part of providing equal access to justice so any changes to legal aid would engage human rights

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    If someone has been a victim of any human rights abuse they have a right to a remedy that must be provided

Freedom from torture, inhuman or degrading treatment
  • CoE ECHR, Art 3
  • UN ICCPR, Art 7
  • UN CAT, Art 3
Right to life
  • CoE ECHR, Art 2
  • UN ICCPR, Art 6

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Right to liberty and security
  • CoE ECHR, Art 5
  • UN ICCPR, Art 9
Right to a fair trial
  • CoE ECHR, Art 6
  • UN ICCPR, Art 14

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No punishment without law
  • CoE ECHR, Art 7
  • UN ICCPR, Art 15
Right to an effective remedy
  • CoE ECHR, Art 13
  • UN CERD, Art 6
  • UN ICCPR, Art 2(3)
  • UN CAT, Art 14
Right to be treated fairly and without discrimination
  • CoE ECHR, Art 14
  • UN CERD, Art 5(a)
  • UN ICCPR, Art 26
  • UN CRPD, Art 12

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Protocol Article 2
  • Relevant EU Measures
    • EU Victims’ Directive (2012/29/EU)
    • EU Trafficking Directive (2011/36/EU)
    • EU Child Sexual Exploitation Directive (2011/93/EU)
    • EU Interpretation Directive (2010/64/EU)
    • A list of measures identified so far is available in the Appendix to the NIHRC-ECNI Working Paper on the Scope of Protocol Article 2.
  • EU Charter of Fundamental Rights
    • Articles 6, 7, 8, 21, 26, 47-50
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