Human Rights Reporting and Monitoring Process

By The End Of This Section You Will Know:

  • The mechanisms that can be utilised to measure how effective current laws, policies and practices are to improve them
  • The reporting Cycle for UN Treaty Bodies
  • The reporting Cycle for the Universal Periodic Review (UPR)
  • The reporting Cycle for CoE Oversight Bodies
  • The key points of the follow-up process

When the UK Government ratifies an international treaty it agrees to regularly report on how it is fulfilling its commitments under the treaty to the respective oversight body at the United Nations or the Council of Europe. The Government must prepare a comprehensive and evidence-based state report in relation to the human rights contained in the treaty. For this purpose, it must gather information and data on the relevant laws, policies and practices from the appropriate departments. 

The reporting process can be considered in 3 stages. Civil servants in the NICS have a role to play in all 3 of these stages. The Department with policy responsibility for the treaty has a particular role in coordinating the Northern Ireland specific information to be included in the UK state reports; however, this will likely involve cross-department co-operation.