Victims of crimes and abuse

Human rights law requires Government to refrain from interfering with individuals’ human rights. It also places positive duties on Government to protect individuals from other private persons or entities.

Rights Engaged

Right to private and family life
  • ECHR/HRA, Art 8
  • ICCPR, Art 17
  • UNCRPD, Arts 22, 23, 31
  • UNCRC, Art 16

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Right to life
  • ECHR/HRA, Art 2
  • ECHR, Prot 13, Art 1
  • ICCPR, Art 6
  • UNCRPD, Art 10

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Right to health
  • ESC, Art 11
  • ICESCR, Art 12
  • UNCEDAW, Art 12
  • UNCRPD, Art 25
  • UNCRC, Art 24

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Freedom from torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment
  • ECHR/HRA, Art 3
  • ICCPR, Art 7
  • UNCAT
  • UNCRPD, Art 15
  • UNCRC, Art 37

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Right to an effective remedy
  • ECHR, Art 13
  • ICCPR, Art 2(3)
  • CAT, Art 14
  • UNCEDAW, Art 2(c)
  • ICERD, Art 6

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Right to equality and non-discrimination
  • ECHR/HRA, Art 14
  • ICCPR, Arts 2, 3, 26
  • ICESCR, Art 2
  • ICERD    
  • UNCEDAW
  • UNCRPD             
  • UNCRC

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Right to security of the person
  • ECHR/HRA, Art 5(1)
  • ICCPR, Art 9(1)
  • UNCRPD, Art 14(1)(a)
Freedom from exploitation, violence and abuse
  • UNCEDAW, Art 6
  • UNCRPD, Art 16
  • UNCRC, Arts 19, 34, 35, 36, 39
Protection from trafficking and sexual exploitation
  • UNCEDAW, Art 6
  • UNCRC, Arts 34, 35
  • UNCRC Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography
Prohibition of hate speech and hate crime
  • ICCPR, Art 20
  • ICERD, Art 4