Decision-Making, Appeals and Redress

Laws, policies and decisions may impact the population and specific groups or individuals in different ways. Human rights law requires that all individuals have the opportunity to voice their opinions and participate meaningfully in decision-making processes.

Rights Engaged

Right to an effective remedy
  • ECHR, Art 13
  • ICCPR, Art 2(3)
  • UNCAT, Art 14
  • UNCEDAW, Art 2(c)
  • ICERD, Art 6

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Right to equality before the law
  • ECHR/HRA, Art 14
  • ICCPR, Arts 2, 3, 26
  • ICESCR, Art 2
  • ICERD    
  • UNCEDAW
  • UNCRPD             
  • UNCRC        

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Right to a fair trial – right to be heard
  • ECHR/HRA, Arts 6, 7
  • ICCPR, Arts 14, 15
  • UNCRC, Art 12(2)

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Right to private and family life
  • ECHR/HRA, Art 8
  • ICCPR, Art 17
  • UNCRPD, Arts 22, 23, 31
  • UNCRC, Art 16

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Right to participation
  • ICCPR, Art 25
  • ICESCR, Arts 13(1), 15(1)
  • UNCEDAW, Arts  7, 8, 13(c), 14(2)
  • ICERD, Art 5(e)(vi)
  • UNCRC, Arts 12, 31
  • UNCRPD, Arts 3(c), 4(3), 9, 29, 30