Business, Trade and Investment

Business, trade and investment are central to the economic well-being of a society. As such activities impact a wide range of human rights, Departments and the NICS should be aware of the related human rights duties when exercising their functions.

Rights Engaged

Right to an adequate standard of living
  • ICESCR, Art 11
  • UNCEDAW, Art 14(2)(h)
  • UNCRPD, Art 28
  • UNCRC, Art 27

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Right to social security
  • ESC, Art 12(1), 13, 14
  • European Code of Social Security             
  • ICESCR, Art 9
  • UNCEDAW, Art 11(1)(e), 14(2)(c)
  • UNCRC, Art 26

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Right to an effective remedy‚Äč
  • ECHR, Art 13
  • ICCPR, Art 2(3)
  • UNCAT, Art 14
  • ICERD, Art 6

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Right to freedom of association and assembly (including the right to form and join trade unions)
  • ECHR/HRA, Art 11
  • ICCPR, Art 21, 22
  • ICESCR, Art 8
  • UNCRC, Art 15

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Right to protection from discrimination in the work place
  • ESC, Art 1
  • ICESCR, Art 6
  • UNCEDAW, Art 11
  • UNCRPD, Art 27
  • ICERD, Art 5
Protection of property
  • ECHR/HRA,  Protocol 1, Art 1
Right to work
  • ESC, ARt 1, Arts 18-19
  • ICESCR, Art 6
  • UNCEDAW, Art 11
  • UNCRPD, Art 27
Right of women to participate in economic life
  • UNCEDAW, Art 13
Right to fair remuneration
  • ICESCR, Art 7
  • UNCRPD, Art 27
  • ESC, Art 4
Right to healthy working conditions
  • ESC, Art 3
  • ICESCR, Art 7
  • UNCEDAW, Art 11
  • UNCRPD, Art 27
  • UNCRC, Art 32
Protection from child labour
  • UNCRC, Art 32
Freedom from slavery and forced labour
  • ECHR/HRA, Art 4
  • ICCPR, Art 8
  • UNCRPD, Art 27
Right to participation
  • ICCPR, Art 25
  • ICESCR, Arts 13(1), 15(1)
  • UNCEDAW, Arts 7, 8, 13(c), 14(2)
  • ICERD, Art 5(e)(vi)
  • UNCRC, Arts 12, 31
  • UNCRPD, Arts 3(c), 4(3), 9, 29, 30